Assessment of CM SAF satellite derived solar radiation data and clear sky models in islands.
Selection of clear sky hours and clustering of the region to obtain optimal site adaptation.
Discussion of satellite assessment and proposal a site-adaptation.
Electrical energy production using renewable energies is one of the most important challenges in recent years. Among renewable energies, it is worth highlighting photovoltaic and thermoelectric systems due to their adaptation to the Canary Islands. One of the most important issues to ensure the stability for solar power systems, mostly in insular grids as Canary Islands, is the precise knowledge of solar radiation. In this paper, we focus in Gridded Satellite data suitability for modelling Global Horizontal Irradiation (GHI) in islands with complicated orography, as Canary Islands. Solar radiation data retrieved from CM SAF and McClear model were analysed and compared with 22 ground measurement stations in Canary Islands. Moreover, this analysis presents the results of including a site-adaptation methodology for improving satellite suitability. We used different procedures to perform this site adaptation depending on the solar radiation conditions (clear sky or cloudy sky hours), the location of the measurement station (we establish two clusters according to the climate conditions) and the season. This study could provide information about satellite models suitability in islands and a better knowledge of solar radiation behavior. Furthermore, accurate satellite radiation data for wide spatial and temporal coverage could improve solar radiation modelling and forecasting.