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Highlights

The waste cooking oil was used as a feedstock for the production of biodiesel.

The fuel properties of diesel, waste cooking oil biodiesel and their blends were measured and compared with the standards.

The performance and emission tests were performed in a diesel engine under different injection pressure and engine speed.

The performance and emission maps of the diesel engine were presented.

The availability of using biodiesel–diesel fuel blends at different injection pressures was researched.

Abstract

In this study, the effect of fuel injection pressure on the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fuelled with waste cooking oil biodiesel (WCOB) and its 5–30% (v/v) blends with diesel fuel were investigated and compared with diesel fuel. The engine experiments were conducted under six different fuel injection pressures (170–220 bars), eleven different engine speeds (1000–3000 rpm), and full load to find the optimum pressure which gives best results is identified for each fuel. The results compared with diesel fuel showed that biodiesel fuels confirmed that the reductions in the engine torque, brake power, CO, UHC, and smoke opacity; however brake specific fuel consumption, exhaust gas temperature, NOX and CO2 emissions increased. On the other hand, the increased injection pressure caused to increase in the engine torques, brake powers, and brake thermal efficiencies up to 210 bar. Moreover, the increased injection pressure caused to decrease in UHC, and smoke opacity, while the increase NOX and CO2 emissions. The results indicated that fuel blends can be used in the diesel engine without any modification. When over all the results were evaluated, the optimum fuel injection pressure was found to be at 210 bar for WCOB and fuel blends.

Keywords

Waste cooking oil

Biodiesel

Engine performance

Exhaust emission

Fuel injection pressure

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