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Highlights

The TG-FTIR experiment is conducted at a heating rate of 20–500 °C/min.

The activation energy is calculated without any mechanism assumptions.

Values of activation energy increase with increasing heating rate.

The heating rate of fast pyrolysis experiment reaches 10000 °C/s.

Increase heating rate improves acids productions while reduces phenols.

Abstract

In this work, the effects of heating rate on fast pyrolysis behavior and product distribution of Jerusalem artichoke stalk (JAS) were investigated fist by TG-FTIR (heating rates: 20, 30, 50, 100, 300, 500 °C/min) and then via Py-GC/MS (heating rates: 100, 1000, 5000 10000 °C/s). The results showed that with the heating rate increased, TG and DTG curves obviously shifted toward the high-temperature range, and the number of peaks in DTG curves reduced from three to two. The model-free method indicated that the apparent activation energy of JAS pyrolysis was 286 kJ/mol at the low heating rate and increased to 351 kJ/mol at the high heating rate. The distributed activation energy model showed that the value of pre-exponential factor increased with the heating rate increased and the kinetic compensation effect was obvious during the conversion from 0.3 to 0.7. Total 44 compounds were identified by GC/MS. Acid, phenol and carbonyl compounds were the major products groups. With the heating rate increased, the relative contents of acid increased whereas the relative contents of phenolic substance decreased. The yield of carbonyl compounds was maximum at the heating rate of 5000 °C/s.

Keywords

Jerusalem artichoke stalk

Pyrolysis

Heating rate

Kinetic

TG-FTIR

Py-GC/MS

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© 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd.