Co-gasification of coal and biomass blends using dolomite and olivine as catalysts

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Experimental study of co-gasification of coal and biomass was carried out in a fluidized bed.

The ability of dolomite and olivine for tar reduction and hydrogen production was compared.

In terms of tar destruction and H2 production, dolomite was more active compared to olivine.


Natural catalysts (dolomite and olivine) not only reduce the tar content, they also have a high potential to enhance hydrogen production during gasification process. In this study, a bubbling fluidized bed (BFB) was used to evaluate the effect of the operating parameters on co-gasification of pine sawdust and brown coal namely gasification temperature (Tg) in the range of 700–1000 °C, fuel particle size (dp) in the range of 2.0–3.5 mm, steam/fuel ratio (S/F) in the range of 0.5–0.8, equivalence ratio (ER) in the range of 0.1–0.4, biomass ratio (BR) in the range of 0.0–100%, and catalyst loading in the range of 3.0–12.0 wt%. With increase in catalyst loading from 3.0 to 12.0 (wt %), the hydrogen yield was increased from 52.9 to 55.5 (g/kg-fuel) for dolomite and from 47.5 to 52.1 (g/kg-fuel) for olivine, while the tar yield sharply decreased from 5.4 to 0.4 (g/Nm3) and from 7.0 to 0.8 (g/Nm3), respectively. Fuel particle size showed a negligible influence on the upgrading of hydrogen production and tar yield.








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