Factors influencing the electricity generation preferences of Turkish citizens: Citizens' attitudes and policy recommendations in the context of climate change and environmental impact

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Majority of the respondents oppose the establishment of NPPs in Turkey.

RES-based electricity generation is the first choice of the respondents.

The impact of electricity generation on climate change is a key concern.

RES endorsers are willing to pay more for electricity generated from renewables.

Majority of RES endorsers oppose HPPs due to their adverse effects on environment.


Drawing on the findings of a survey on Turkish citizens’ energy preferences, the aim of this study is to propose policy recommendations on Turkey’s energy policies. To realise this aim, this study analyzes the attitudes and behaviours of the citizens of Turkish Republic concerning their preferences on electrical energy generation. This article scrutinizes the preferences of citizens on nuclear power plants (NPPs) and renewable energy sources (RES)-based power plants. Moreover, taking into consideration the issues of global warming and climate change, the article provides a separate analysis of how recent developments in these two issues affect citizens’ preferences on electrical energy generation.

Findings of the study indicate that a vast majority of Turkish citizens are against the establishment of NPPs in the country. The first choice in electricity generation is RES. RES endorsers state that RES-based power plants will result in no environmental problems and that they are willing to pay more for electricity in case of an increasing reliance on RES-based electricity generation. A vast majority of the respondents think that the prime consideration in electricity generation should be its effects on climate change.


Electricity generation preferences

Energy policy

Renewable energy

Climate change

Nuclear power plants

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