Author(s): Ethan E. Lust, Karen A. Flack, Luksa Luznik
). The wake velocity field data was obtained using a two-dimensional particle image velocimetry (PIV) system. PIV ensembles were obtained for phase locked conditions. This paper focuses on characterizing the velocity and the mean flow structure in the near wake. Specifically, the downstream evolution of coherent tip vortices shed by the rotor blades were examined. Vortex aperiodicity was shown to increase with downstream distance. The streamwise spacing between adjacent vortex cores was shown to be constant within a diameter downstream of the rotor. Further downstream, significant vortex filament interaction was observed, including leapfrogging. This interaction is thought to be the primary mechanism for wake breakdown and re-energization.