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Effects of chromium on pyrolysis characteristic of water hyacinth (Eichornia crassipes)

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Publication date: January 2018Source:Renewable Energy, Volume 115
Author(s): Hong-Jian Lin, Cheng-Xu Rong, Bang-Bang Jiu, Bao-Xia Li, Qinq-Jie Yu, Lin-Huo Gan, Zhong-Yi Zhang
The chromium polluted water hyacinth was subjected to pyrolysis to understand its pyrolytic characteristic in a fixed bed. The results indicated that chromium has a positive effect on the bio-oil produced, accompanied by a decrease of gas yield and moderate formation of char. The maximum bio-oil yield obtained from Cr-WH pyrolysis reached the maximum of 63.1 wt.%. The acid number and high heating value of the Cr-WH pyrolytic bio-oil were 85.04 mgKOH/g and 26.72 MJ/kg, respectively. GC-MS analysis of the bio-oils showed that the amount of nitrogenous compounds, alcohols and phenols increased, while the number of esters reduced in the Cr-WH pyrolytic bio-oil which indicated that chromium promoted bond rupture of lignin and changed the degradation process of protein. Furthermore, after pyrolysis, Cr may transfer from the toxic state of ions into an amorphous state in the char, which reduce its harm to the environment.

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