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Methane recovery from anaerobic digestion of urea-pretreated wheat straw

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Publication date: January 2018Source:Renewable Energy, Volume 115
Author(s): Yiqing Yao, Andre David Bergeron, Maryam Davaritouchaee
Pretreatment is necessary to improve methane production from lignocellulosic biomass. Urea was adopted to pretreat wheat straw with the advantages of structure deconstruction, its nitrogen source, and prevention of pH drop in subsequent anaerobic digestion (AD). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectra measurements indicated that urea pretreatment is able to degrade the lignocellulosic structure, which was beneficial for the improvement of methane production. Urea pretreatment led to the satisfactory performance of AD with wheat straw as substrate. The maximum methane production of 305.5 L/kg volatile solids (VS) was obtained using 1% (w/w) urea loading, which was 45.2% higher than the untreatment. After 1%- and 3%-urea treatment, time used for achieving stable status (≥50%) was 2 days earlier compared to untreatment. Reductions of total solids (49.4%), VS (54.5%), cellulose (50.4%) and hemicelluloses (47.3%) on the optimal condition were the highest, which were 36.8%, 46.5%, 33.3% and 47.4% higher compared to untreatment. Higher levels of urea pretreatment (3% and 5%) were less efficient and resulted in the formation of pseudo-lignin according to FTIR. These results indicate that wheat straw can be used to produce methane significantly with urea pretreatment.

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