Elsevier
Renewable Energy

Highlights

Mathematic model is developed to optimize biodiesel yield via ostrich-eggshell CaO catalyst.

Taguchi and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) were employed for process optimization.

Both are shown to be a precise and imperative tool to predict the biodiesel yield in this study.

Abstract

This paper reported the optimization of biodiesel production from waste cooking oil catalyzed by solid ostrich-eggshell and chicken-eggshell derived CaO via transesterification process using response surface methodology (RSM) and Taguchi method. Quadratic polynomial equations were obtained for transesterification reaction. Independent variables i.e. molar ratio of methanol to oil (M:O), catalyst concentration, reaction temperature and reaction time were investigated. It was found that the most influential parameter on the biodiesel production was reaction temperature based on both RSM and Taguchi method. The optimum biodiesel yield of ∼98% (ostrich eggshell) and ∼96% (chicken eggshell) were achieved at M:O of ∼10:1; catalyst concentration of ∼1.5 %w/v; reaction temperature of 65 °C; and reaction time of ∼2 h for RSM and Taguchi method, respectively.

Keywords

Biodiesel production

Modeling

Ostrich-eggshell

Chicken-eggshell

RSM

Taguchi

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