Volume 100, January 2017, Pages 18–34
Special Issue: Control and Optimization of Renewable Energy Systems
Edited By Nael H. El-Farra and Panagiotis D. Christofides
A user-driven microgrid power market and price controller are studied.
A new dissipativity based distributed EMPC is developed for microgrid BES systems.
The proposed control optimizes users’ benefit and ensures microgrid-wide requirement.
This scalable approach can be implemented using a network of autonomous controllers.
The combination of renewable energy generation and battery energy storage has been widely recognized as a promising solution to the problems associated with variability of renewable energy in residential microgrid. However, due to the low renewable feed-in tariffs in many countries, microgrid users are generally not motivated to install expensive battery systems if they can only be used to satisfy the objective of grid operator. From this perspective, a microgrid power market that encourages users to install batteries for energy-trading will be helpful for the deployment of batteries. For such circumstances, this paper introduces a user-driven microgrid power market. The possible pricing schemes are discussed and an illustrative price controller is presented. The potential destabilizing effect of the collective trading behavior of users is analyzed. A novel dissipativity based distributed economic model prediction control approach is proposed to allow microgrid users to optimize their own benefits while ensuring the performance and stability of the residential microgrid. A simulation study with photovoltaic energy generation and Vanadium Redox batteries is presented to illustrate the efficacy of the proposed method.
- Residential microgrid;
- Distributed economic model predictive control;
- Distributed battery energy storage;
- Power market
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