Variogram function is employed to measure the change rate of the wind speed.
Autocorrelation analysis shows that there exists daily periodicity in the wind speed variogram time-series.
The wind speed variogram time-series exist a memory property.
Cross-correlation analysis reveals that there is a relationship between wind speed variogram and wind speed.
Fluctuations of wind-power production are a significant hindrance to its high penetration in power systems. System operators have to provide complementary power and relevant control strategies to smooth out the fluctuations when large-scale wind power ones is injected into the grid. To better smooth the fluctuations, the change rate of the wind speed is a critical piece of information. In this study, the variogram function is introduced to measure the change rate of the wind speed. Based on the variogram time-series, some statistical analyses are conducted. These results contribute to a better understanding of the characteristics of the change rate of the wind speed, such as the chronological variation pattern of the change rate on a day, whether the future change rate can be forecasted, and whether there is a relationship between the change rate and wind speed.
- Change rate;
- Wind speed;
- Variogram function;
- Statistical properties;
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