Cost/benefit analysis of transmission grid expansion to enable further integration of renewable electricity generation in Austria


Transmission power line expansions are quite important to guarantee transmission adequacy in Austria up to 2030.

It is important to foster the connection of wind farms in the eastern part and PHS in the west.

The implementation of innovative transmission technologies can reduce RES-E curtailment significantly.

More flexibility in the transmission grid will be necessary to support the optimal integration of RES-E.

Revenues earned mainly contribute to cover the cost of expansions of cross-border interconnections.


This paper elaborates on the costs and benefits of expanding the Austrian transmission system and the implementation of innovative grid-impacting technologies (e.g. flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS), dynamic line rating (DLR)) to support further integration of renewable energy sources for electricity generation (RES-E). Therefore, a fundamental market model has been developed – respecting DC load flows – and applied for analysing different future scenarios, notably for the time horizon 2020, 2030 and 2050. Up to 2020 and 2030, special focus is put on the finalisation of the so-called “380 kV-level transmission ring” in Austria to enable enhanced RES-E integration. The results confirm that transmission power line expansion in the states of Salzburg and Carinthia is important to connect imports from Germany with pumped hydro storage capacities, on the one hand, and the wind farms in the east with the pumped hydro storages in the western part of Austria, on the other hand. For 2050, the results indicate that the implementation of FACTS and DLR can reduce RES-E curtailment significantly.


  • Cost/benefit analysis;
  • Linear programming;
  • Electricity markets;
  • Fundamental market model;
  • RES-E integration;
  • Transmission grid expansion

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