Thermodynamic multi-objective optimization of a solar-dish Brayton system based on maximum power output, thermal efficiency and ecological performance

Highlights

A solar-dish Brayton system was optimized based on multiple criteria.

A thermodynamic model of the solar-dish Brayton system was developed.

NSGA-II was employed to optimize multi-objective functions.

Optimal solutions were selected from Pareto frontier using decision making.

Abstract

Solar-dish Brayton system driven by the hybrid of fossil fuel and solar energy is characterized by continuously stable operation, simplified hybridization, low system costs and high thermal efficiency. In order to enable the system to operate with its highest capabilities, a thermodynamic multi-objective optimization was performed in this study based on maximum power output, thermal efficiency and ecological performance. A thermodynamic model was developed to obtain the dimensionless power output, thermal efficiency and ecological performance, in which the imperfect performance of parabolic dish solar collector, the external irreversibility of Brayton heat engine and the conductive thermal bridging loss were considered. The combination of NSGA-II algorithm and decision makings was used to realize multi-objective optimization, where the temperatures of absorber, cooling water and working fluid, the effectiveness of hot-side heat exchanger, cold-side heat exchanger and regenerator were considered as optimization variables. Using the decision makings of Shannon Entropy, LINMAP and TOPSIS, the final optimal solutions were chosen from the Pareto frontier obtained by NSGA-II. By comparing the deviation index of each final optimal solution from the ideal solution, it is shown that the multi-objective optimization can lead to a more desirable design compared to the single-objective optimizations, and the final optimal solution selected by TOPSIS decision making presents superior performance. Moreover, the fitted curve between the optimal power output, thermal efficiency and ecological performance derived from Pareto frontier is obtained for better insight into the optimal design of the system. The sensitivity analysis shows that the optimal system performance is strongly dependent on the temperatures of absorber, cooling water and working fluid, and the effectiveness of regenerator. The results of this work offer benefits for related theoretic research and basis for solar energy industry.

Keywords

  • Solar-dish brayton system;
  • Multi-objective optimization;
  • NSGA-II;
  • Decision making

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