Carried out aqueous phase reforming (APR) reactions of polyols.
Prepared a 3-D hollow-type ordered mesoporous carbon supported Pt
Studied the effect of different polyol feed and support.
The addition of Fe to the Pt/CMK-9 catalyst improved catalytic APR performance.
The optimum Pt:Fe ratio for APR reaction was 1:3.
3-D cubic ordered mesoporous carbon (CMK-9) supported Pt
Fe bimetallic catalysts with a range of Pt
Fe compositions were applied to the aqueous phase reforming (APR) of polyols for hydrogen production. The catalytic performance with respect to the polyol and support used was also studied. The catalysts and supports were characterized via X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), N2 sorption, temperature programmed reduction (TPR), and CO chemisorption techniques. The polyols investigated include ethylene glycol (EG), glycerol, xylitol, and sorbitol. It was found that the addition of Fe to the Pt/CMK-9 catalyst significantly improved catalytic performance, with the optimum Pt:Fe ratio for APR activity being 1:3. It was also observed that, in the Pt
Fe (1:3) system, the CMK-9 support demonstrated better catalytic performance than commercially available activated carbon or alumina. In addition, the catalytic activity of the Pt
Fe/CMK-9 catalyst was successfully increased by both the effect of the water-gas shift reaction, promoted by Fe addition to Pt, and by the structural properties and nature of the CMK-9 support. Moreover, the Pt
Fe (1:3)/CMK-9 catalyst showed efficient catalytic activity for different biomass derivatives (EG, glycerol, xylitol, and sorbitol), with the activity decreasing with increase in the number of carbon atoms.
- Aqueous phase reforming;
- Mesoporous carbon support;
- Platinum catalyst;
- Platinum iron bimetallic catalyst;
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