Design and optical performance of CPC based compound plane concentrators

Highlights

Design procedure of CPC based compound plane concentrators (CPC-A) was suggested.

The design of CPC-A with θea = 14° and 18° was addressed in details for design considerations.

Optical performance comparison between CPC-A and CPC was performed.

Optimal geometry of CPC-A for maximizing its annual radiation collection was investigated.

Abstract

To simplify the fabrication of compound parabolic concentrators (CPC) with a one-sided flat absorber and make solar radiation on the absorber more uniform, an attempt is made here to use multiple plane mirrors in place of parabolic reflectors to construct a compound plane concentrator (CPC-A, in short). The design procedure of such concentrator as an alternative to CPCs is presented based on the edge-ray principle, and its optical performance and design optimization are theoretically investigated. Analysis shows that the effective acceptance half-angle (θea) of CPC-A, dependent on plane mirror’s number (N) and geometry of CPC based on which CPC-A is designed, is always less than the acceptance half-angle (θa) of CPC but gradually close to θa with the increase of N, and the optical efficiency of both CPC-A and CPC is almost identical for solar radiation withinθea. Results revealed that the annual collectible radiation of CPC-A oriented in the east-west direction is almost identical to that of CPC only if the sun is kept withinθea for at least 7 h in all day of a year by periodically adjusting its tilt-angle. A further analysis indicates that CPC-A designed based on the edge-ray principle is not an optimal design but can be regarded as optimal geometry for maximizing its annual radiation collection.

Keywords

  • Compound parabolic concentrator;
  • Compound plane concentrator (CPC-A);
  • Design of CPC-A;
  • Optical performance

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