Multiobjective optimization in combinatorial wind farms system integration and resistive SFCL using analytical hierarchy process

Highlights

A resistive superconducting fault current limiter (RSFCL) are proposed improve LVRT capability of the 50-MW PMSG-based WPP.

With this approach, it is expected that the activation of the dc braking chopper and fast pitch angle control could be reduced.

A decision-making technique based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is proposed for the optimal design of the combinatorial RSFCL and 50MW WPP.

Cost/size evaluation of the RSFCL

Abstract

This paper presents a positive approach for low voltage ride-through (LVRT) improvement of the permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based on a large wind power plant (WPP) of 50 MW. The proposed method utilizes the conventional current control strategy to provide a reactive power requirement and retain the active power production during and after the fault for the grid codes compliance. Besides that, a resistive superconducting fault current limiter (RSFCL) as an additional self-healing support is applied outside the WPP to further increase the rated active power of the installation, thereby enhance the dc-link voltage smoothness, as well as the LVRT capability of the 50 MW WPP. This is achieved by limiting the exceed fault current and diminishing the voltage dip level, leading to increase the voltage safety margin of the LVRT curve. Furthermore, the effect of the installed RSFCL on the extreme load reduction is effectively demonstrated. A large WPP has a complicated structure using several components, and the inclusion of RSFCL composes this layout more problematic for optimal performance of the system. Hence, the most-widely decision-making technique based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is proposed for the optimal design of the combinatorial RSFCL and 50 MW WPP to compute the three-dimensional alignment in Pareto front at the end of the optimization run. The numerical simulations verify effectiveness of the proposed approach, using the Pareto optimality concept.

Keywords

  • Low voltage ride-through;
  • Multi-objective optimization;
  • Superconducting fault current limiter;
  • Wind farm

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