Thermal energy storage in building integrated thermal systems: A review. Part 1. active storage systems


TES implementation in buildings should be as helpful as possible for architects and engineers.

Hence, TES systems integration is considered relevant aspect in building designs.

Active systems integrated in buildings are classified depending on their location.

Building core activation systems are demonstrated to have potential in new buildings.

Suspended ceilings became interesting for energetic refurbishment in old buildings.


Energy consumed by heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems (HVAC) in buildings represents an important part of the global energy consumed in Europe. Thermal energy storage is considered as a promising technology to improve the energy efficiency of these systems, and if incorporated in the building envelope the energy demand can be reduced. Many studies are on applications of thermal energy storage in buildings, but few consider their integration in the building. The inclusion of thermal storage in a functional and constructive way could promote these systems in the commercial and residential building sector, as well as providing user-friendly tools to architects and engineers to help implementation at the design stage. The aim of this paper is to review and identify thermal storage building integrated systems and to classify them depending on the location of the thermal storage system.


  • Thermal energy storage (TES);
  • Building integration;
  • Active system;
  • Phase change materials (PCM);
  • Thermal mass

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