Short-circuit current of doubly fed induction generator under partial and asymmetrical voltage drop

Highlights

The equivalent models of a DFIG operated with excitation control under asymmetrical fault are constructed.

Simplified expressions of short-circuit currents with and without consideration of excitation control are proposed.

The response characteristics of rotor-side converter to asymmetrical terminal voltage are proposed.

The effects of rotor-side converter on stator and rotor transient behaviors are obtained.

The proposed theoretical models meet the demands of practical short-circuit calculation.

Abstract

The doubly fed wind turbine is the main equipment of wind generators. The fault transient characteristics of doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) have elicited the attention of many scholars. However, the short-circuit current (SCC) of power grid-contained DFIG under asymmetrical voltage drop cannot be accurately analyzed. The main difficulty is that the response and coupling of converters under partial voltage drop remain unclear. Thus, this paper presents an imperative study on SCC of DFIG, with particular attention to the transfer of negative-sequence voltage in the windings and rotor-side converter. The electromagnetic process and excitation control are simultaneously deduced in a uniform coordinate space by constructing positive- and negative-sequence vector models. The generating mechanism and analytical expressions of stator SCC are proposed. The positive- and negative-sequence equivalent models of DFIG during fault initial stage and steady-state process are constructed for practical short-circuit calculation. Simulation and physical testing are implemented to verify the theoretical analysis.

Keywords

  • Doubly fed induction generator;
  • Short-circuit current;
  • Asymmetrical fault;
  • Wind power;
  • Voltage drop

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